Children 7 Through 18 Years of Age Need To Be Up‑To‑Date.
Making sure your child is caught-up with all of their vaccines will protect them from many infectious diseases. Talk to your doctor about what type of immunizations your child needs. Below is a list of diseases that your child should get vaccinated for and why they should do so.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the Varicella vaccine series. Chickenpox is very contagious and can spread easily from infected people. Its symptoms include an itchy rash, blisters, tiredness, headache, and fever.
Your child should get the Tdap vaccine. Diphtheria is a very contagious bacterial disease that affects the respiratory system. It can be passed from person to person through a cough or sneeze. It can cause weakness, sore throat, low-grade fevers, and swollen glands in the neck. In severe cases the illness can cause coma, paralysis, and even death.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the HepA vaccine series. Hepatitis A is an infection in the liver. Symptoms include fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, and jaundice.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the HepB vaccine series. Hepatitis B is an infection in the liver. The virus spreads from the exchange of blood and other bodily fluids. It causes flu-like symptoms with loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, rashes, joint pain, and jaundice. The virus can stay in the liver of some people for the rest of their lives.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Almost every male and female will be exposed to HPV at some point. Many will never know they have been exposed. Some will go on to develop cancer. All young teens should be vaccinated at 11-12 years old, although people can be vaccinated as young as 9 and up through the age of 26. It is a series of 3 doses, and it is very important all three doses are received.
Your teen should receive the flu vaccine once a year. Influenza is a very contagious viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. The virus can spread quickly causing mild to severe illness. Symptoms include high fever, chills, cough, headache, runny nose, sore throat, and muscle and joint pain. In severe cases, influenza can lead to hospitalization or even death.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the MMR vaccine series. Measles is one of the most contagious vaccine-preventable diseases. It is spread through the air. Symptoms include rash, fever, cough, and red watery eyes. Measles can also cause pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, or death.
Meningococcal Disease (Meningitis)
Talk to your doctor about whether your child is caught-up and they need a booster shot at the age of 16. Meningococcal disease is caused by bacteria and is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis. The bacteria spreads through sneezing, coughing, and kissing. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion and sleepiness. It also causes blood infections.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the MMR vaccine series. Mumps is an infectious disease that can spread by coughing or sneezing from an infected person. A person can also become infected by coming into contact with a contaminated object, like a toy. Symptoms include fever, headaches, painful swelling of the salivary glands, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Your child should get the Tdap vaccine. Pertussis is caused by bacteria spreading through coughing or sneezing. Early symptoms are similar to the common cold. After 1-2 weeks, it can cause spells of violent coughing and choking. Pertussis is most serious for babies who can die from the disease.
You should check with your doctor about whether your teen is caught-up on the pneumococcal vaccine. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is caused by bacteria. This bacteria can cause ear infections, sinus infections, meningitis, and sepsis (blood stream infection). This disease can be fatal or result in long-term problems.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the IPV vaccine series. Polio can be spread in the air, through direct contact, and through the air. Its symptoms can be sore throat, fever, nausea and headache. It can lead to paralysis and death.
You should check with your doctor about whether your child is caught-up on the MMR vaccine series. Rubella is a virus that is spread through coughing and sneezing. It causes a mild illness with fever, swollen glands and a rash. It can be very serious for babies in the womb.
Your child should receive the Tdap vaccine. Tetanus is when bacteria enters the body through a wound, such as a cut. When people get infected the bacteria produces a toxin that causes serious, painful spasms and stiffness of all muscles in the body. Complete recovery can take months. And 10-20% of the people who get tetanus die from the disease.